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Article – Journal of Advanced Chemical Sciences

Journal of Advanced Chemical Sciences, Volume 1,Issue 3,2015 Pages 102-106

Area Selection for Diamond Exploration Based on Geological and Morphostructural Set-Up: Examples from Wajrakarur Kimberlite Field, India
P. Ramesh Chandra Phani*

As kimberlites/lamproites act as hosts for diamonds, exploration for those rocks is regarded as diamond exploration. In the world, kimberlite/lamproites are associated with cratonic areas where there is a conspicuous congenial tectono-structural set-up. Occurrence of kimberlitic rocks is considered as a geological anomaly and kimberlite exploration involves many geological, geophysical and geochemical aspects. Success of exploration for kimberlitic rocks is achieved in selecting favorable prospects in the first stage by thoroughly studying the existing maps, geological literature by taking reported pipe rocks into account. This paper high lights significance of geological aspects such as morphostructural, tectonic and style of geological set-up in selection of prospective areas for kimberlite search, presenting Wajrakarur Kimberlite Field (WKF) as an example, in comparison with some important similar cases elsewhere in the world. Three areas were suggested for further exploration in the WKF.
Keywords: Geological Prognostication; Morphostructure; Prospect Area Selection; Kimberlite; Diamond; WKF