Journal of Advanced Chemical Sciences (JACS)

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Article – Journal of Environmental Sciences

Journal of Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Volume 2,Issue 3,2016 Pages 103-106

Assessment of Water Quality in Relation to Health Hazards in The Holy Ponds of Puri Town, Odisha, India
S. Satapathy, S.D. Sharma*, C.R. Panda

This study was intended to assess the water quality and level of sewage pollution indicator bacteria and their discrepancy in the holy ponds of Puri. For experimental point of view, five different ponds were taken during year 2015, in order to assess the pollution load and its effect to human health. The hydrobiological parameters like water temperature (WT) conductivity, pH, chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD) and dissolved oxygen (DO), nitrite, nitrate, ammonia, chloride, sodium were taken. The bacteriological parameters such as Total Coliform (TC), Fecal streptococci (FS) and Fecal Coliform (FC) were analysed for the suitability of the water for different uses like drinking and other domestic applications. It is revealed that all the five holy ponds i.e. Narendra Pond, Indradyumna Pond, Swetaganga, ParvatiPond and Markandeswar pond are being polluted day by day and totally unfit for both drinking and bathing purpose under BIS standard. Among the ponds; Swetaganga is found to be most polluted followed by Parvati Pond and others. The objective of the present study is to review the current status of pond ecosystem of the holy land Puri and to present a possible indication for threats against these ecosystems.

Keywords: Holy Ponds; Physicochemical Parameters; Bacteriological Analysis; Environmental Threats; Health Hazard;